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Frequently Asked Questions

What is drought?

Drought is a prolonged period of significant below average precipitation.  It is a natural cycle of the climate in the desert southwest.   Arizona has been in a meteorological drought for fifteen years, Avondale is not experiencing reductions in its water supplies. 

Does Avondale have enough water to supply to its residents during times of drought?

Yes.  Avondale's diverse water supply portfolio ensures that there will always be water when you turn on the faucet.  The city's water portfolio consists of surface water, Central Arizona Project and Salt River Project, recovered water (groundwater) and reclaimed water.     

How will Avondale deal with the drought?

If surface water becomes limited, it will only affect the amount of recharge volumes into the aquifer.      Avondale stores water underground in the aquifer to weather the effects of drought.  Avondale will recover stored water to provide to its customers.  

Avondale makes full use of the water sent through the sewer system to the wastewater reclamation facilities.  Wastewater cleaned to a high quality is called reclaimed water.   Avondale recharges it’s reclaimed water into the groundwater aquifer.    This takes place at the Avondale recharge site located north of McDowell at 123rd Avenue and north of Friendship Park.  

In addition to reclaimed water, the city receives surface water from Salt River Project and Central Arizona Project also referred to as the Colorado River water.   These surface waters are also recharged into the aquifer for future use.    Avondale recharges more water into the aquifer than it pumps from it to serve its 75,000 residents and businesses.    For example, in 2014, 13,000 acre- feet or 4.2 billion gallons of water was recovered from groundwater pumps strategically placed throughout the city and 17,000 acre- feet or  5.5 billion gallons of water was recharged into the aquifer, an excess of 4,000 acre- feet/1.3 billion gallons of water for future use.

Are we in a water crisis like California?

No.   Water managers built reserves to save water during wet years for use in dry years.  Lakes and dams are the most familiar structures used for this purpose.  Roosevelt Lake and Lake Pleasant, for example, are drinking water reservoirs.  They are able to capture and store water when it rains or snows for later use. 

How come we are not seeing restrictions like in California?

Arizona’s rich history of water planning has allowed its citizens to feel minimal impact from this current drought.  35 years ago the state passed the historic Groundwater Management Act, which mandated conservation programs for the municipal, agricultural, and industrial sectors.  Many of the restrictions finally being enforced in California, such as mandatory water metering, reductions in water pipe leaks, and low water use landscaping are a way of life in Arizona.  These common sense measures were implemented in Arizona long ago and ensure that businesses, residents, and farmers use water efficiently all the time—not just during drought.  

What can I do to save water?

Residential customers:

  • Take a free landscape class to learn how to work your irrigation system and learn about landscape maintenance.
  • Eliminate wasteful water use like leaks.  Use the Smart Home Water Guide to find them.
  • Water your landscape efficiently.  Up to 70% of residential water use is outdoors; use this handy guide to find out how much water your yard needs to be healthy. 
  • Learn how to use water efficiently around your home by watching one of these helpful videos.       
  • Replace any appliance or water using fixture with the WaterSense label to ensure your new device uses less water, and apply for a water conservation rebate.  
  • If your water use is higher than you think it should be, and can’t figure out why, request a free home water use evaluation from the water conservation office.

Businesses, schools, churches, HOAs, and other non-residential customers:

  • Hire a Smartscape trained professional to maintain your landscape and save water. Smartscape Certified Landscapers
  • Participate in the free HOA landscape irrigation evaluation program.
  • Take advantage of rebates for converting large areas of turf to Xeriscape and installing smart irrigation controllers.